Archive of Urban

Florida Transportation Disadvantaged Programs Return on Investment Study

March, 2008

A Florida State Unviersity study showed a rate of return on investment factor of 11:1 for eligible populations in the state program–low-income, elderly and disabled. This calculation was based on a “conservative estimate” that one out of every 100 trips (1%) prevents a one-day stay in a hospital, which results in a total benefit of […]


Dr. J. Joseph Cronin, Jr., Jenna Hagerich, Jeff Horton, and Julie Hotaling, Florida State University

Transportation Barriers to Accessing Health Care for Urban Children

January, 2006

Caregivers of urban low-income children in Texas were more likely not to keep an appointment if they had the following traits: did not use a car to the last kept appointment; did not keep an appointment in the past due to transportation problems; had more than two people in the household; and did not keep […]


Serena Yang, Robert L. Zarr, Taha A. Kass-Hout, Atoosa Kourosh, and Nancy R. Kelly

Cost-Effectiveness of Access to Nonemergency Medical Transportation

January, 2006

Those who fall into the target population of 3.6 million who miss or delay care due to lack of transportation possess distinct characteristics that separate them from the rest of the U.S. population, and these are explained in detail in the earlier paper (1) and a TCRP report stemming from this project (2). In short, […]


Richard Wallace, Paul Hughes-Cromwick, and Hillary Mull

Access to Health Care and Nonemergency Medical Transportation: Two Missing Links, Transportation Research Record Journal of the Transportation Research Board

January, 2005

The percentages for transportation-disadvantaged adults residing in urban areas are as follows: diabetes (82.8%), heart disease (79.2%), and hypertension (80.5%). These numbers represent the percentages of the disadvantaged adults with each disease who live in urban locations and can be compared with the overall figure of 77.8% of transportation-disadvantaged adults who are urban residents.


Richard Wallace, Paul Hughes-Cromwick, Hillary Mull, and Snehamay Khasnabis, Wayne State