Those who fall into the target population of 3.6 million who miss or delay care due to lack of transportation possess distinct characteristics that separate them from the rest of the U.S. population, and these are explained in detail in the earlier paper (1) and a TCRP report stemming from this project (2). In short, they are disadvantaged in many ways besides a lack of transportation, including socioeconomic status and health status. This target population (to receive NEMT)
• Has a relatively low income (54.6% have household incomes below $20,000 per year, whereas this proportion is only 17.7% for the remainder of the U.S. population);
• Is disproportionately female (62.8% female versus 51.9% female for the overall population);
• Is roughly one-half as likely as the remainder of the U.S. population to possess a 4-year college degree;
• Is older (16.3% are age 70 years or older, whereas 11.5% of the remainder of the U.S. population are age 70 years or older); and
• Is distributed across urban and rural America much the same as the U.S. population as a whole, except that the children in the target population are somewhat concentrated in urban areas.
FocusRuralSpecial Populations (children, elderly, disabled)Transportation as a Barrier to CareUrban
Line of Business or Market